Friday, October 5, 2012

Tips to treat Stroke

Stroke refers to difficulty in brain receiving oxygenated blood supply through arteries. Due to any damages in arteries supplying blood to brain, the brain cells die and if it continues it affects the whole brain. Stroke is classified into ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke. Ischemic stroke is due to disturbance in blood supplies to brain and hemorrhagic stroke is due to rupture of blood vessels followed by ischemic stroke. It affects the overall brain functions. 

Causes for stroke

  • Formation of blood clots due to deposition of plaques in arteries. Plaques are accumulation of cholesterol  fat and other unwanted substances in blood.
  • Rupturing of blood vessels in brain due to high blood pressure, hypertension etc.
  • due to heart function failures 
  • Hypertension, increased blood pressure
  • Alcohol and smoking.
  • Silent stroke - which do not have any symptoms, places the patient at risk of major stroke suddenly.
Symptoms for stroke
  • Vision disturbances
  • Severe headache
  • restricted movements on anyone side of body
  • difficulty in concentration
  • Changes in feeling of touch, taste, vision etc
  •  And many other related symptoms due to failure of brain functions. It should be treated in initial stages itself before it affecting the entire brain cells.

Treatments for Stroke

The treatments depends on type of stroke - ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke, and stages of stroke.

For Ischemic stroke

1. Immediate medical attention is needed to break the clot disturbing the blood supply. Aspirin  to increase the blood supply to affected area. Drugs (plasminogen activator tPA) are inserted directly to the damaged arteries through thin tube and the blockages can be cleared through mechanically inserting a tube known as Thrombectomy. 

2. In some cases, increased pressure inside the skull due to swelling of brain vessels, surgeries to open up the flap of bone in skull to decrease the pressure till the swelling is reduced. Medication to prevent future stroke!

For Hemorrhagic stroke

1. Surgeries to repair the ruptured blood vessels and medication to weaker vessels and prevent future problems. Coiling technique, inserting a platinum wire to ruptured blood vessels to prevent blood clot and to close the hole! Regular medication should be followed as per doctor prescription!


Prevention

1. Blood clots formed by plaques due to accumulation of cholesterol and fats. Try to avoid more fatty foods and do regular exercise to purify the blood through sweating and decreasing the fats. Follow stroke diet patterns which include more fiber, whole grains, fresh fruits and vegetables!

2. Follow regular medication to prevent stroke symptoms and risks! Check your blood pressure regularly!

3. Smoking and Alcohol increases the stroke risk suddenly. Avoid alcohols and  being active smoker and passive smoker!

4.  Have a walk daily in cool calm environment for at least half an hour! Control all your angers and tension by meditating or doing yoga poses!

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